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milk product

पुस्टकारी उत्पादन प्रविधि

POSTED BY Dr. Arun Khanal

Apr 27, 2024
1 month, 4 weeks ago

k'i6sf/L pTkfbg k|ljwL

 

!=kl/ro M

k'i6sf/L eg]sf] v'jfdf cfwf/Lt g]kfnsf] Ps lgtfGt k/D+k/fut ld7fO{ xf] . Ps ljif]z k|sf/sf] 88]sf] v}/f] /+u / jf:gf -Caramelized flavour and colour_ sf] ljsf; gx'bf;Dd pRr tfkqmddf kuflnPsf] lrgLdf v'jf, g/Ljnsf] w'nf], d}bf cfbLnfO{ /fd|f] ;+u ldnfO{ ksfP/ ;–;fgf ld7fO{ cfsf/sf 8Nnfx? jgfO{ aflx/af6 g/Ljnsf] w'nf]÷6'qmf, sf+qmf jf km';]{sf] ljof, ls;ld; jf cGo s'g} ;'vf kmnkm"n -Dry fruits / Nuts_sf 6'qmfx?n] ;hfO{ tof/ ul/G5 .  of] Psbd} kf]l;nf], zQmLbfos / k|f]l6go'Qm vfB kbfy{ xf] . u'bkfs h:t} of] klg sf7df+8f} pkTosfsf zx/x?df lgs} nf]sk[o 5 .

 

@=agfj6 M

g]kfn vfB P]g @)@# tyf lgodfjnL @)@& n] k'i6sf/Lsf] ef}lts tyf /;folgs agfj6sf] af/]df s'g} pNn]v u/]sf] 5}g . ;f]w sfo{sf] nfuL ul/Psf] k|of]uzfnfx?df u/LPsf]  kl/If0faf6 k'i6sf/Ldf lgDg cg';f/sf] jgfj6 ePsf] kfO{Psf] 5

 

qm=;+=

ljj/0f

k|fKt kl/df0f

!

hnf+z - % _

^=^* – (=!@

@

lrNnf] kbfy{ - % _

*=@) – !#=@^

#

k|f]6Lg - % _

!@=)) – !%=*%

$

sfjf]{xfO{8]8 - % _

^#=&^ – ^^=$$

%

/]zf - % _

)=))&  )=)@

^

vlgh - % _

!=*@ – @=*)

&

zlQm -Kcal 100 g_

$)* – $@#

*

lkPr

%=*^ – %=**

 

 

#=cfj:os ;fdfu|L M

k'i6sf/L jgfpgsf] nfuL cfjZos ;fdfu|Lx? lgDg tflnsfdf lbO{Psf] 5 M

s|=;+=

;fdfu|Lx?sf] gfd

kl/df0f -u|fddf_

1

v'jf

())

2

lrgL

())

3

d}bf

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v'jf, lrgL / d}bfsf] cg'kft

( M ( M @

4

g/Ljnsf] w'nf]÷6'qmf

#)

5

ls;ld;

cfj:ostf cg';f/

6

sfh'sf 6'qmf

cfj:ostf cg';f/

7

sfuhL jbfdsf 6'qmf

cfj:ostf cg';f/

8

sf+qmf jf km';]{sf] ljp

cfj:ostf cg';f/

 

$=cfj:os pks/0f M

k'i6sf/L jgfpgsf] nfuL cfjZos pks/0fx? lgDg tflnsfdf lbO{Psf] 5 M

 

s|=;+=

;fdfu|Lx?sf] gfd

kl/df0f -;+Vof_

!

s/fxL -afSnf] lkw ePsf]_

!

@

:6f]e

!

#

kgfof]

!

$

rDrfx?

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%

:6Ln jf cn'ldgLodsf] yfnL

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^

rSs'

!

&

t/fh'

!

*

Eofs'd KoflsË d]l;g

!

(

LDPE &% dfO{qmf]g -cfwf s]=hL= Ifdtf_

cfjZostf cg';f/

!)

/]km|Lh/]6/

!

!!

ydf]{ld6/

!

 

 

%=k'i6sf/L pTkfbg k|ljwL M

%=! l;4fGt M

;j{ k|yd lrgL nfO{ !^) l8u|L ;]G6Lu|]6df kufnL !&% b]vL @)) l8u|L ;]G6Lu|]6 tfkqmd ;Dd nuftf/ rnfpb} v}/f] /+u / 88]sf] jf:gf -Caramelized colour and flavour_ gcfpGh]n ;Dd ttfO{G5 . o;/L ttfO{Psf] dxh:tf] b]vLg] lrgLsf] emf]ndf dl;gf] u/L 6'qmf kf/LPsf] v'jf, d}bf, g/Ljnsf] w'nf] ld;fP/ ksfO{ ;–;fgf ld7fO{ cfsf/sf 8Nnfx? jgfO{ k'i6sf/L tof/ ul/G5 . lrgLsf] 88]sf] jf:gf tyf /+u - Caramelized colour and flavour _ n] g} d"Vo?kdf k'i6sf/Lsf] cfsif{s /+u tyf jf:gf k|bfg ub{5 .

 

%=@ k'i6sf/L pTkfbg k|ljwL M

k'i6sf/L pTkfbg k|ljwL a'+bfut ?kdf lgDg cg';f/ k|:t't ul/Psf] 5 M

!= lx;fj u/L  t/fh'df hf]v]/ cfj:os ;fdfu|Lx?sf] cfj:os dfqf lgsfNg] .

@= cfjZos kl/df0fsf] lrgLnfO{ s/fxLdf !^) ° ;]G6Lu|]6 tfkqmddf kufnL !&% b]vL   @)) ° ;]G6Lu|]6 tfkqmdf dGb / Psgf;sf] cf+rdf dx h:tf] v}/f] emf]n gx'bf ;Dd 8f8'n] Psgf; ;+u rnfpb} hfg] .

#= kUn]sf] pQm lrgLsf] emf]ndf ;j{ k|yd dl;gf] 6'qmf kf/LPsf] v'jfnfO{ /fd|f];+u  ld;fO{ s]xLa]/ rnfpg], To;kl5 d}bf / g/Ljnsf] w'nf]nfO{ klg ld;fO{ kgfof]sf] ;xfotfn] /fd|f];+u ;j} lt/ rnfpb} dGb / Psgf;sf] cf+rdf (# b]vL (%° ;]G6Lu|]6 tfkqmddf ;"hL jf xn'jf jf l98f] ksfP h:tf] u/L ksfpg] .

$= k'i6sf/Laf6 Wo" lg:s]/ s/fxLsf] lk+wdf 6f+;Lg 5f8] kl5 s/fxLnfO{ cfuf]af6 aflx/ lgsfNg] jf :6f]e lgefpg] . of] cj:yfdf k'i6sf/Ldf Ps ljz]if k|sf/sf] /+u / af:gf    -Caramelized flavour and colour_  cfpb5 .

%= tof/ ePsf] k'i6sf/LnfO{ tft} cj:yfdf Wo" bn]/ lrNnf] kfl/Psf] ;kmf / hLjf0f' /lxt   l:6n jf Pn'ldlgodsf] yfnLdf vGofpg] .

^= xftn] ;dfpg ;Sg] tfkqmd -^) b]vL ^% ° ;]G6Lu|]6_ df cfP kl5 ;kmf / hLjf0f' /lxt xft -;fj'g kfgLn] wf]P/ ;'vf kf/LPsf]_ df Wo" jf lkpgof]Uo kfgL nufpb} !) u|fd hlt tf}n ePsf uf]nf cfsf/sf ld7fO{ h:tf 8Nnfx? jgfpg] .

&= o; k|sf/ jgfO{Psf k'i6sf/Lsf 8Nnfx?nfO{ gl/jnsf] w'nf]df /f]lnË -Rolling_ ug]{ jf pkef]Qmfsf] rfxgf cg';f/ jflx/jf6 gl/jn jf sfh' jf sfuhL jbfd jf cGo s'g} ;'vf kmnkm'n -Dry fruits / Nuts_ sf 6'qmf jf sf+qmfsf lj+of 6f+;L cfsif{s jgfpg] .

*= To;kl5 k'i6sf/LnfO{ u|fxssf] dfu cg';f/sf] ;+Vof jf tf}ndf &) – &% dfO{qmf]gsf]     ;kmf / hLjf0f' /lxt LDPE y}nLx?df xfjf /lxt 9+uaf6 KoflsË -Vacuum Packing_    ug]{ .

(=o;/L tof/ kfl/Psf] k'i6sf/LnfO{ tfh} vfg] jf $ – ^ ° ;]G6Lu|]6 tfkqmd x'g] u/L     /]km|h/]6/ jf l;t sIf -Cold Room_ jf !* b]vL @@ ° ;]G6Lu|]6 tfkqmd ePsf] e08f/ sIfdf e08f/0f ug]{ .

 

^= Kkfs]lhË -Packing_ M

tof/L k'i6sf/LnfO{ u|fxssf] dfu cg';f/sf] tf}ndf &) – &% dfO{qmf]gsf] ;kmf / hLjf0f' /lxt LDPE y}nLx?df xfjf /lxt 9+uaf6 KoflsË -Vacuum Packing_  ug]{ . ahf/ gk7fO{ sg tfh} vfg] xf] eg] KoflsË ug'{ kb]{g, l;w} Nk]6x?df /fv]/ pkef]usf] nfuL ljt/0f ug{ ;lsG5 .

 

&= e08f/0f tyf ljt/0f M

tof/ kfl/Psf] k'i6sf/LnfO{ tfh} vfgsf] nfuL ljt/0f ug]{  jf $ – ^ ° ;]G6Lu|]6 tfkqmd x'g] u/L  /]km|Lh/]6/ jf l;t sIf -Cold Room_ jf !* b]vL @@ ° ;]G6Lu|]6 tfkqmd ePsf] e08f/ sIfdf e08f/0f ug'{ kb{5 . k'i6sf/l e08f/0f ug]{ sf]7f jf :yfg ;kmf, ;'vf, lztn, xfjf nfUg] / l;w} 3fd gkg]{ x'g' kb{5 .

 

*= e08f/0f cjwL M

k'i6sf/LnfO{ ;fdfGo sf]7fsf] tfkqmd -!* b]vL @@° ;]G6Lu|]6_ df ! dlxgf ;Dd e08f/0f ug{ ;lsG5 . x'gt hf8f]sf] ofddf sf7df+8f} pkTosfsf k'i6sf/L k;nx?n] @ b]vL # dlxgf ;Dd klg ;fdfGo sf]7fsf] tfkqmddf vfgof]Uo cj:yfdf g} e08f/0f x'g ;s]sf] s'/f pTkfbs Pjd\ ljt/sx? atfp5g\ .

 

 

 

(= u'0f lgoGq0f M

vfB P]g @)@# tyf lgodfjnL @)@& n] k'i6sf/Lsf] u'0f lgoGq0f ;+jGwL s'g} dfk808 tf]s]sf] 5}g tfklg o;sf] u'0f lgoGq0fsf] nflu lgDd a'bfx?df Wofg lbg' h?/L x'G5 M

!= k'i6sf/L agfpgsf] nfuL k|of]udf NofO{g] ;+k'0f{ sRrf ;fdfu|Lx? ;kmf / vfgof]Uo x'g' kb{5 .

@= sRrf kbfy{x? /fVg / k'i6sf/L ksfpgsf] nfuL k|of]udf NofO{g] ef+8fjt{gx? ;kmf / hLjf0f' /lxt x'g' kb{5 .

#= lrgL kufNbf w]/} s8f cf+rdf kufNg' x'b}g / w]/} v}/f]÷sfnf] x'g] u/L ttfpg'÷ksfpg' x'b}g . cGoyf k'i6sf/Ldf sfnf] /+u / lttf] :jfb cfpb5 .

$= k'i6sf/LnfO{ lhjf0f' /lxt aftfj/0fdf, ;kmf / hLjf0f' /lxt LDPE y}nLx?df xfjf /lxt 9+uaf6 KoflsË -Vacuum Packing_  ug'{ kb{5 .

%=pTkfbg kl5 k'i6sf/lsf] KoflsË ubf{, e08f/0fdf, j;f/ k;f/ tyf 9'+jfgL ubf{ / ljqmL sIfaf6 tf}n u/L ljqmL ljt/0f ubf{ :jR5, :j:Yo 9+ujf6 s'g} k|sf/sf hLjf0fx?sf] ;+qmd0f gx'g] u/L sfo{ ug'{ kb{5 .

^= k'i6sf/l e08f/0f ug]{ sf]7f jf :yfg ;kmf, ;'vf, lztn, xfjf nfUg] / l;w} 3fd gkg]{ x'g' kb{5 .

&= k|lt u|fd k'i6sf/Ldf sf]nL kmd{ hLjf0f'sf] ;+Vof z"Go x'g' kb{5 .

*= 9';L tyf vld/ k/]sf] k'i6sf/L vfg' jf ljqmL ljt/0f ug'{ x'b}g .

 

*************************************************************************************************************************************************************

 

 

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