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पेडा उत्पादन प्रविधि

POSTED BY Dr. Arun Khanal

Apr 27, 2024
1 month, 4 weeks ago

k]8f(Peda) pTkfbg k|ljlw

 

!= kl/ro÷kl/efiffM

k]8f, v'jf af6 agfO{g]] k/Dk/fut ld7fO{ xf] . g]kfndf ljz]if u/L k'hf cfhfdf k|;fbsf] ?kdf / rf8kj{, ljjfx ef]hdf ld7f] :jfbsf] ?kdf k]8f nf]slk|o 5 .

v'jfnfO{ ;]tf] / ;kmf lrgL ;“u ld;fP/ ksfPkl5 v}/f] /+u pTkGg x'G5 / pQm kl/sf/nfO{ k]8f elgG5 . k]8fnfO{ cem} :jflbi6 / jf:gfbf/ jgfpg O{nfOlr, NjfË clbsf] w'nf] ld;fpg] rng klg 5 . k]8fdf lrgLsf] dfqf xfnL ksfpbf v'jfdf ePsf] kfgLsf] dfqf sd x'g] / lrgLsf] kl//IfL (Preservatives) u'0fn] ubf{ k]8fsf] e08f/0f cjlw a9\b5 ;fy} lrgL / v'jfdf ePsf] s]lhg -k|f]l6g_ sf] /;foflgs k|lqmofn] -caramelization_ ubf{ k]8f v}/f] /+usf] / ljz]if k|sf/sf] jf:gfbf/ x'G5 . k]8fsf] agf}6 cfslif{t agfpgnfO{ ljleGg lsl;dsf] ;'Vvf kmnkm"n -Dry Fruits), rf“bLsf] 6k cflb /fVg] rng klg 5 . k]8fdf ePsf] 3[tf+; -lrNnf] kbfy{_ n] k]8fnfO{ bfgfbf/ agfpb5 / pQm k|ltlqmofnfO{ lqmi6nfOh];g (Crystallization) elgG5 .

!=! k]8fsf k|sf/x? M    

  

;]tf] k]8f

lrlg g/fv]sf] k]8f

;'sd]n k]8f

;'sd]n /fv]sf] k]8f

s]z/ k]8f

s]z/sf] w'nf] /fv]sf] k]8f

rSn]6 k]8f

!–@ ∞ sf]sf kfp8/ (coca powder) /fv]sf] k]8f

v}/f] k]8f

lrgL /fvL agfPsf] k]8f

 

@=agfj6M

k]8fsf] agfj6 v'jffsf] agfj6, kflgsf] dfqf, lrgLsf] dfqf, ksfpg] ;do / tfkqmd, KoflsË ;fdflu| / e08f/0f tfkqmd cflbdf e/ kb{5 .

 

@=! cf};t agfj6M

                            

ljj/0f

-%_

hnf+z -kfgLsf] dfqf_

!)=@)

3[tf+z -lrNnf] kbfy{_

@)=!)

lrgL

#)

k|f]l6g

!(

NofS6f]h

!*=#)

eid

@=$)

#=cfjZos ;fdfu|LM   

ljj/0f

kl/df0f

v'jf -e};L b"wsf]_

@@% u|fd

lrgL

&% u|fd

O{nfOrL

s]xL 6'qmf

rf“bLsf] tk

! kQf

 

$=cfjZos pks/0f M 

ljj/0f

;+Vof

s/fO{

!

8f8' jf klgo'“,

!

l:6nsf] yfn

@

l:6nsf] af6f

!

/]k|mh]/]6/

!

k/rfd]G6 sfuh

@

sfuhsf] aS;f

@

 

%=pTkfbg ljlwM 

  • tfhf lk+l8 v'jf / lrgLnfO{ # M ! cg'kftdf ld;fpg] .
  • v'jf / lrgLsf] dL>0fnfO{ cfuf]fs] dw'/f] cf“rdf ;kmf s/fO{df 8f8' jf klgo"sf] d2tn] lj:tf/} rnfpb} ksfpg] tfls ld>0fsf] tfkqmd ()) ;]= df :yfoL /xf];\ .
  • ld>0f v}/f] / cln s8f ePkl5 cfuf]af6 s/fO{ lemSg] .
  • ;'sd]n, kmnk'mnsf ;'s]sf 6'qmfx? -cfjZostf cg';f/_ ld;fP/ rnfpg] .
  • ld>0fnfO{ %)–^)) ;]= ;Dd lr;f] kfg]{ .
  • !%–@) u|fd hlt ld>0fnfO{ ;kmf xftn] lemsL b'j} xftåf/f uf]nf] / 8Nnf] agfpg] .  -xftdf clnstL £o"sf] n]kg ug'{ h?/L 5 lsgsL xftdf tftf] ld>0f 6fl;g ;S5_
  • uf]nf ld>0fnfO{ lj:tf/} lardf a'l9 cf}nfn] lyrL r]K6f] agfpg] .
  • l:6nsf] yfndf yf]/} £o" n]kg u/L k]8f ;hfP/ /fVg] .
  • /]km\/Llh/]6/ -$–%) ;]=_ df c:yfO{ e08f/0f ug]{ tfls lrNnf] kbfy{ lqmi6nfO{h eO{ k]8f bfgfbf/ agf];\ .

^= Kofs]lhËM

k]8fnfO{ 9';L, vld/ / cf];af6 arfpg leqjf6 k/rfd]G6 sfuh /fvL ;fgf] ;fgf] sfuhsf] afs;df KoflsË u/LG5 jf sd 3gTj ePsf] kf]lnlyg (LDPE) / cfn'ldlgodsf] kftnf] kftf n]ldg];g u/LPsf] emf]nfdf xfjf /lxt 9+un] -Vacuum Packing)  KoflsË ul/G5 .  

&= e08f/0f÷ljt/0f M  

  • k]8fnfO{ Kofs]lhË ul/;s]kl5 /]km\/Llh/]6/df -!)) ;]=_ df e08f/0f u/LG5 / ;f]xL tfkqmddf
  • lr;f] afs;df (Insulated Box) /fvL ljt/0f u/LG5 .

*= e08f/0f cjlw M

k]8fsf] e08f/0f cjlw e08f/0f tfkqmd, lrgLsf] dfqf, kfgLsf] dfqf, KoflsË ;fdfu|L, KoflsË ug]{ tl/sf / e08f/0f ug]{ tl/sfdf e/ kb{5 .

  • k]8fnfO{ !)) ;]= df e08f/0f ubf{ e08f/0f cjlw !) lbg ;Dd x'G5 .
  • k]8fnfO{ xfjf /lxt 9+uaf6 -Vacuum Packing) KoflsË ul/Psf] 5 eg] !)) ;]= df e08f/0f cjlw !% lbg ;Dd x'G5 .

*=! k]8fsf] e08f/0f cjlw a9fpg] gof“ k|ljlwM

k]8fnfO{ kf/bz{s ltgkq] emf]nfdf sfj{g8fOcS;fO8 / gfO6«f]hg Uof“;sf] cg'kft @)M*) /fVbf, k]8f #&) ;]= tfkqmddf !% lbg / @)) ;]= tfkqmddf #) lbg ;Dd /fVg ;lsG5 . of] k|ljlwnfO{ Modified Atmospheric Packing (MAP) elgG5 . o; k|ljlwn] k]8fsf] lrKnf] kbfy{nfO{ lju|g -Rancidity) lbb}g .

(=u'0f lgoGq0f M

g]kfn ;/sf/sf] vfB P]g @)@# tyf lgdfjnL @)@& df k]8fsf] u'0f lgoGq0f k/LIf0fsf dfkb08x? tf]lsPsf] 5}g\ t/ klg u'0f:t/Lo k]8fsf]] nflu lgDgfg';f/sf] dfkb08 x'g h?/L  5 .

(=! 1fg]lGb|o k/LIf0fM    

 

                                

ljj/0f

k/LIf0f

lkmsf kx]nf] jf uf9f v}/f]

jf:gf

xNsf 88]sf]

:jfb

u'lnof]

jgf]6

g/d / bfgfbf/

cfsf/

;fwf/0f uf]nf] jf r]K6f]

tf}n

!%–#) u|fd

(=@ dfkb08 M

                            

            ljj/0f

-∞_

hnf+z

!$=#^ jf sd

3[tf+z

!(=#! jf a9L

lrgL -;'qmf]h_

##=@&

k|f]l6g

!%=#$ jf a9L

NofS6f]h

!%=@% jf a9L

eid

@=$&

sf]nLkmd{

() k|lt u|fd eGbf ga9]sf]

9';L / vdL/

%)) k|ltu|fd eGbf ga9]sf]

(=# k|d'v lgoGq0f ljGb'x?M 

  • e}+;Lsf] b"wsf] v'jf lng] .
  • v'jf / lrgLsf] cg'kft # M ! x'g h?/L 5 .
  • v'jfnfO{ ()) ;]= ;Dd ttfpg h?/L 5 .
  • e08f/0f tfkqmd -v'nf k]8fsf] ) $–%) ;]= x'g h?/L 5 .
  • pTkfbg, Kofs]lhË / e08f/0f ubf{ sfd ug]{ 7fp“ / ;fdfu|Lx? ;kmf, ;'Vvf / lhjf0f' /lxt agfpg cToGt h?/L 5 .

(=$  e08f/0f tyf ljt/0f ul/Psf] k]8fdf lgDg ;d:ofx? b]lvPdf pkef]u ug'{x'“b}g M

  • k]8fsf] ;txdf 9';L jf vdL/ b]vf k/]df .
  • cldnf] uGw cfPdf .
  • k]8f cf]l;Pdf / k\mof:; km'l:sPdf
  • lrNnf] kbfy{ 5'l6P/ ;txdf hDdf ePdf .

!)= pTkflbt kl/df0f M

    ! lsnf]u|fd v'jfaf6 nueu ! lsnf] @%) u|fd k]8f aGb5 .

!!= nfut d"No lgwf{/0f M

    pbfx/0fsf] nflu dfq  -k]8fsf] kl/df0f ! lsnf] u|fd _

ljj/0f

kl/df0f

vr{ -?=_

v'jf

*)) u|fd

@))

lrgL

@&) u|fd

!@

O{nfOlr

s]xL

%

KoflsË ;fdflu|

$ ;+Vof

!@

pTkfbg nfut -OGwg, ljB't, Hofn, ljljw_

%

k|zf;lgs vr{

@

l:y/ ;DklQ k|of]u u/] jfktsf] vr{ -x|f; s§L_

!

s'n nfut

 

@#&

 

t;y{M ! lsnf]u|fd k]8f agfpg ?= @#& nufgL nfUb5 .

 

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